Cobalt and erythropoetin

Cobalt is considered an essential trace element because it is the central atom of vitamin B12, which serves the body as a coenzyme. Unfortunately, other biological functions are rarely noticed, although there have been several studies on that topic. Many decades ago, it has been observed that ...

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Diabetes and the role of vanadium and chromium

Diabetes type 2 (Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) is characterized by insulin resistance and therefore a relative lack of insulin, while in diabetes type 1 (Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), ...

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Healing teeth naturally with vitamins and minerals

Vitamin K2 (menaquinone) is able to significantly reduce tooth decay and other dental diseases. It has a key role in the mineralisation of teeth, because it is an essential cofactor of the proteins osteocalcin ...

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Rubidium and depression

The essential trace element lithium is well known for its antidepressant activity, or more precise: a deficiency of it leads to dysbalance of neurotransmitters and therefore to depression and many other mental illness...

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